Saudi ENT Exam 2021

$499.00

Saudi ENT Prometric Exam Materials 2021

(5.000 MCQs with explanations)

Study materials more than 5.000 new MCQs (with explanation for each question) for those preparing for SLE/SCFHS Person view Exam – KSA (Ministry of health) for Otorhinolaryngology Specialist and consultant.

 

Notes :
– Do Not miss ! weekly updated questions,
– All questions are corrected by specialist doctor
– No need to study other sources !
– Enough to pass easily
– The materials are suitable for Saudi exam only !! be ware !
– 100 % success rate
– 70-80 % repeated questions

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Questions Samples :

Question 1

A patient underwent dental procedure 2 days ago and then he develop numbness on upper lip. Which of the following nerve is most likely affected?

  1. Facial nerve
  2. Inferior alveolar nerve
  3. Infraorbital nerve
  4. Oculomotor nerve

Answer: C

The trigeminal nerve has three branches i.e. ophthalmic, maxillary and

mandibular. Maxillary branch is called infraorbital nerve as soon as it

enters the infraorbital canal. This nerve innervates (sensory) the lower

eyelid, upper lip and part of the nasal vestibule. The inferior alveolar

nerve is a branch of mandibular nerve and carries sensory supply from

lower teeth. It gives of another branch called mental nerve that carries

sensation from chin and lower lip.

 

 

Question 2

A 23 year old boy has nasal bleeding for 10 minutes. There is no history

of trauma. On examination: there was posterior nasal oozing of blood. What

is best treatment?

  1. Anterior nasal packing
  2. Conservative
  3. Constrictive spray
  4. Posterior nasal packing

Answer: D

Management: Resuscitate the patient (if necessary) – remember the

ABCD(E) of resuscitation. Ask the patient to sit upright, leaning slightly

forward, and to squeeze the bottom part of the nose (NOT the bridge of

the nose) for 10-20 minutes to try to stop the bleeding. The patient

should breathe through the mouth and spit out any blood/saliva into a

bowl. An ice pack on the bridge of the nose may help 3. Nasal cautery

is a common treatment of epistaxis. A caustic agent such as silver

nitrate (chemical cautery) or an electrically charged wire such as

platinum. Bleeding that fails to respond to pressure may be managed

with epinephrine, or silver nitrate. Severe bleeding that is brisk or does

not respond to the previous measures may require packing or

emergency referral. The best initial approach in hospital setting is

nasal packing. If a comatosed patient suddenly have nosebleed, then it

is best to lay him in side ways so that blood comes out instead of going

inside his lungs.

 

 

Question 3

60 year old male comes to you with unilateral parotid swelling for last 3 years. He says there is no pain in the area and swelling is constant. There is no relation of swelling with the eating. On examination, there is 4cm swelling in front of ear without any tenderness, erythema and normal facial nerve function. Which of the following is most likely diagnosis?

  1. Bacterial parotitis
  2. Cancer
  3. Parotid duct calculus
  4. Pleomorphic adenoma,

Answer: D

Benign pleomorphic adenoma present with painless swelling, gradually

increasing in size and not associated with any fever or tenderness. In

bacterial parotitis, there is fever along with the tenderness. Facial

nerve involvement would rise the suspicion toward malignancy. Parotid

duct calculus, if present, would result in increased swelling during

eating.

 

 

Question 4

A newborn got the injury of stylomastoid foramen near the base of the skull. Which of the following clinical feature help in diagnosis?

  1. Loss of eye closure
  2. Loss of mastication function
  3. Loss of maxillary sensation
  4. Loss of sensation in mandibular region

Answer: A

Facial nerve leave the skull via stylomastoid process and is likely to be damaged in this patient. The orbicularis oculi muscle, supplied by facial is likely to be paralysed resulting in failure of closure of the eye. It is usually associated with facial palsy, shifting of face to the opposite side. Nasolacrimal secretion will also be decreased because it is also supplied by facial nerve. Loss of maxillary sensation is due to maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve. It exits the skull at foramen rotundum. Loss of mandubular sensation is due to mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve which exits the brain at foramen ovale. Loss of muscles of mastication is also caused by damage to trigeminal nerve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Category:

Saudi ENT Prometric Exam Materials 2021

(5.000 MCQs with explanations)

Study materials more than 5.000 new MCQs (with explanation for each question) for those preparing for SLE/SCFHS Prometric Exam – KSA (Ministry of health) for Otorhinolaryngology Specialist and consultant.

 

Notes :
– Do Not miss ! weekly updated questions,
– All questions are corrected by specialist doctor
– No need to study other sources !
– Enough to pass easily
– The materials are suitable for Saudi exam only !! be ware !
– 100 % success rate
– 70-80 % repeated questions

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Questions Samples :

Question 1

A patient underwent dental procedure 2 days ago and then he develop numbness on upper lip. Which of the following nerve is most likely affected?

  1. Facial nerve
  2. Inferior alveolar nerve
  3. Infraorbital nerve
  4. Oculomotor nerve

Answer: C

The trigeminal nerve has three branches i.e. ophthalmic, maxillary and

mandibular. Maxillary branch is called infraorbital nerve as soon as it

enters the infraorbital canal. This nerve innervates (sensory) the lower

eyelid, upper lip and part of the nasal vestibule. The inferior alveolar

nerve is a branch of mandibular nerve and carries sensory supply from

lower teeth. It gives of another branch called mental nerve that carries

sensation from chin and lower lip.

 

 

Question 2

A 23 year old boy has nasal bleeding for 10 minutes. There is no history

of trauma. On examination: there was posterior nasal oozing of blood. What

is best treatment?

  1. Anterior nasal packing
  2. Conservative
  3. Constrictive spray
  4. Posterior nasal packing

Answer: D

Management: Resuscitate the patient (if necessary) – remember the

ABCD(E) of resuscitation. Ask the patient to sit upright, leaning slightly

forward, and to squeeze the bottom part of the nose (NOT the bridge of

the nose) for 10-20 minutes to try to stop the bleeding. The patient

should breathe through the mouth and spit out any blood/saliva into a

bowl. An ice pack on the bridge of the nose may help 3. Nasal cautery

is a common treatment of epistaxis. A caustic agent such as silver

nitrate (chemical cautery) or an electrically charged wire such as

platinum. Bleeding that fails to respond to pressure may be managed

with epinephrine, or silver nitrate. Severe bleeding that is brisk or does

not respond to the previous measures may require packing or

emergency referral. The best initial approach in hospital setting is

nasal packing. If a comatosed patient suddenly have nosebleed, then it

is best to lay him in side ways so that blood comes out instead of going

inside his lungs.

 

 

Question 3

60 year old male comes to you with unilateral parotid swelling for last 3 years. He says there is no pain in the area and swelling is constant. There is no relation of swelling with the eating. On examination, there is 4cm swelling in front of ear without any tenderness, erythema and normal facial nerve function. Which of the following is most likely diagnosis?

  1. Bacterial parotitis
  2. Cancer
  3. Parotid duct calculus
  4. Pleomorphic adenoma,

Answer: D

Benign pleomorphic adenoma present with painless swelling, gradually

increasing in size and not associated with any fever or tenderness. In

bacterial parotitis, there is fever along with the tenderness. Facial

nerve involvement would rise the suspicion toward malignancy. Parotid

duct calculus, if present, would result in increased swelling during

eating.

 

 

Question 4

A newborn got the injury of stylomastoid foramen near the base of the skull. Which of the following clinical feature help in diagnosis?

  1. Loss of eye closure
  2. Loss of mastication function
  3. Loss of maxillary sensation
  4. Loss of sensation in mandibular region

Answer: A

Facial nerve leave the skull via stylomastoid process and is likely to be damaged in this patient. The orbicularis oculi muscle, supplied by facial is likely to be paralysed resulting in failure of closure of the eye. It is usually associated with facial palsy, shifting of face to the opposite side. Nasolacrimal secretion will also be decreased because it is also supplied by facial nerve. Loss of maxillary sensation is due to maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve. It exits the skull at foramen rotundum. Loss of mandubular sensation is due to mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve which exits the brain at foramen ovale. Loss of muscles of mastication is also caused by damage to trigeminal nerve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Saudi ENT Exam 2021”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!